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Development Status and Industry Chain Analysis of China's LED Industry in 2018

2019-08-19

    First, market analysis of the LED industry 1. The global LED industry is in a period of steady development. From a global perspective, the LED industry is in a period of steady development. At present, the global LED industry can be divided into four regions. First, Europe and the United States, the main direction of general lighting, product characteristics are high reliability and high brightness. Second, Japan is a leader in general lighting and backlight display technology, taking into account general lighting, automobiles, mobile phones and television. Third, Taiwan and South Korea, with backlight display as the main line, including mobile phones, TV, computer backlights, large shipments but low gross margin. Fourth, China mainland, the main business for outdoor display, advertising screen and lighting and other fields.

The rapid growth of the global LED market is mainly attributed to the explosive growth of indoor general lighting, building lighting, landscape lighting, backlight and outdoor large LED screens. In the next 3-5 years, with the maturity of technology and the decrease of cost, the market penetration of LED in general lighting will be further improved, and Continuous development of automotive lighting, small spacing LED display and other applications is expected to usher in a new outbreak of the LED industry. According to the data of "China LED Industry Market Research and Development Strategy Research Report 2016-2020" published by China Industry Research Reporting Network, the penetration rate of global LED lighting is about 31% in 2016. It is estimated that the market scale of LED lighting will reach 40.4 billion US dollars in 2017, and the penetration rate will reach 37%. It is expected that the global LED lighting will be combined in 2017-2021. The growth rate is 12%.

2. The domestic LED industry has a strong growth rate. The fastest growth rate of LED application lighting is driven by the "National Semiconductor Lighting Project", and the LED industry in China has developed rapidly. From the current global LED market, China, as a global manufacturing base of electronic industry, has become the fastest growing region of the global LED industry, initially forming a relatively complete industrial chain including LED epitaxy, LED chip, LED packaging and LED applications. According to the statistics of China Industry Research Reporting Network, the scale of LED industry in China increased from 350.7 billion yuan to 521.6 billion yuan in 2014-2016, with an average compound annual growth rate of 21.96%. Among them, in 2016, the market of LED epitaxy chips was about 18.2 billion yuan, an increase of 20.5%, the market of LED packaging was 74.8 billion yuan, an increase of 21.6%, and the market of LED application was 428.6 billion yuan, an increase of 23.2%.

 

Second, the LED industry chain introduces that the light-emitting diode is abbreviated as LED, which is made of gallium, arsenic, phosphorus, nitrogen and other compounds. The upstream of LED mainly refers to the upstream epitaxy chip, that is, the chip inside the light emitting diode beads, and some related materials, including: high purity gas, substrate material, MO source, alumina, phosphor, silica gel, gold wire, epoxy resin, silver glue and other materials. The downstream application of LED refers to finished products, including LED display screen, LED lighting products and various LED brightening products. At the same time, the downstream of LED also includes the development of some surrounding industries, such as driving power supply, control system, hardware box, control software and so onarket of LED packaging was 74.8 billion yuan, an increase of 21.6%, and the market of LED application was 428.6 billion yuan, an increase of 23.2%.


The output of epoxy resin is steadily increasing. Epoxy resin is an important material for energy-saving LED. Practice has proved that the selection of epoxy resin is an important factor in determining the performance of LED besides the quality of chip itself. Therefore, the packaging process of LED must select different resins according to different use occasions, in order to ensure that the product meets the use requirements to the greatest extent. Epoxy resin is a kind of macromolecular oligomer which contains two or more epoxy groups and takes aliphatic, alicyclic or aromatic compounds as the framework and can form useful thermosetting products through the reaction of epoxy groups. According to the data of "China Epoxy Resin Industry Market Research and Development Prospect Analysis Report 2016-2020" published by China Industry Research Report Network, the output of epoxy resins in China increased year by year from 2011 to 2016. In 2016, China's epoxy resin output was about 1.43 million tons, an increase of 19.17% over the same period last year.

   The goal of good LED landscape lighting market is to coordinate landscape lighting and landscape, to adapt to "landscape" and architectural characteristics, and to achieve a new level of beautifying the environment. Landscape lighting is the traditional downstream market in the field of LED lighting, and it is also the most mature branch of LED in the field of lighting so far. With a series of advantages such as high efficiency, low energy consumption, safety, reliability, convenient management, outstanding social and economic benefits, LED has successfully occupied the absolute market share of landscape lighting. Landscape lighting, driven by the government, is growing rapidly. It mainly focuses on decorative lighting in public places such as streets and squares, which can save 70% of the electricity. Common landscape lamps and lanterns include: garden lights, footpath lights, buried lights, small spotlights, lawn lights, fast lane tunnel lights, wall lights, sculpture decoration, etc. According to the "Research Report on Market Research and Development Strategy of China's LED Industry 2016-2020" published by China Industry Research Reporting Network, the market scale of LED landscape lighting in China has maintained an increasing trend year by year since 2011. The market scale in 2016 is about 44.5 billion yuan, an increase of 8.80% compared with 40.9 billion yuan in 2015.

LED street lamp is a kind of high-efficiency solid-state light source based on semiconductor PN junction. Under certain forward bias voltage and injection current, the holes injected into P region and the electrons injected into N region emit photons by radiation recombination after diffusing into the active region. Electric energy is directly converted into light energy. It is a kind of solid-state cold light source, which has the characteristics of environmental protection, pollution-free, low power consumption, high light efficiency and long life. Therefore, LED street lamp will be the best choice for energy-saving transformation of road lighting. As the main body of urban lighting, urban road lighting has achieved rapid growth with the rapid development of urban construction in China. In 2008, China launched the pilot demonstration project of "Ten Cities and Ten Thousands" LED application. The goal is to light 6 million LED street lamps in 21 demonstration cities nationwide by the end of 2011, 1 million LED street lamps in 2009-2011, 2 million LED street lamps in 2009-2011 and 3 million LED street lamps in 2012. After the start of the project, more than ten cities, such as Beijing, Dongguan, Xiamen and Shijiazhuang, have begun to invest in new or renovation projects of LED street lamps. Driven by the policy of "Ten Cities, Ten Thousands of Lights", the LED street lamp Market in China will maintain sustained growth. In recent years, the market penetration (installation quantity) of LED street lamp in China has been increasing. According to the statistics of China Industry Research Report Network, the market scale of LED street lamp in 2016 is about 29 billion yuan.

LED display screen is a kind of flat panel display, which consists of a small panel of LED modules. LED display screen is generally used to display text, image, video, video signal and other information. LED display screen is an early product in the whole LED industry chain, which has maintained rapid growth in recent decades. With the development of LED display technology, the corresponding product specifications and standardization are at a higher level. According to the data of China Industry Research Reporting Network, the overall scale of LED display application industry in China continued to increase in 2016. The total annual market of the industry was 33.2 billion yuan, an increase of 3.75% compared with 32 billion yuan in 2015, and the growth rate was slightly lower than that in 2015.

Above: The latest industry information issued by Beijing Huajing Viewpoint Information Consulting Co., Ltd.







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